The third Caliph of the Islam is Hazrat Usman (r.a), who is one of the Companions of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. He was the one to whom the Prophet, peace be upon him, given the reward of the Jannat in this world. Usman (r.a) belongs to the clan of Quraish, named Banu Umayyia. His full name was Usman Ibn-e-Affan and according to the Patronymic traditions, it was Abu Amr. He was from a rich family of the Makkah. His birth took place 6 years after the incident of Amul-Feel in Taif, 573 C.E. He was one of the literate, both from Kufar and Muslimin in the early days of the Islam.
The family of the Usman was one of the respectable families of the Makkah. He was also from the Muhajirin, who migrated from Makkah to Medinah. The incident of buying a well from the Jew and trusting for the Muslims is associated with him, in the time when they were in deep trouble by the absence of fresh water in the Holy city of Madinah. Upon this memorable act, the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, gave him the glad tiding of Paradise upon this memorable act.
He donated a huge amount for the benefit of the Muslims in the hours of need. For his generosity, he was titled as Ghani by the Prophet, peace be upon him. Ghani means, one who donated his wealth in the way of ALLAH), By Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. The two daughters of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him was in the Nikah of Usman (r.a), which entitled him by the "Dhun-Norain". He accompanied the Prophet, peace be upon him, for many battles.
In the 5th year of Hijrat e Medinah, he was sent to the Makkah for the prior intimation of the recitation of Hajj, and was restrained by the Kuffar. A rumor was set out by the Kuffar that they had killed Hazrat Usman (r.a) upon which Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, took an Oath by his 1,400 Companions (r.a) under the tree of Babool. The Prophet, peace be upon him, made his left hand on oath for the Usman (r.a). The event is remembered as "Oath of Rizwan (Bait-e-Rizwan) in the history of the Islam.
The Usman (r.a) was a Caliphate of Islam for 12 great years, after the Martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (r.a). The rebuilding of "Masjid-e-Nabwi was the great work done by Usman (r.a). He holds a great place near the Prophet, peace be upon him, who said that: Every Prophet will have a special companion of Him in the Heaven, and my companion there will be Usman. (Ibn-e-Majah).
On the 18th Zil-Hajj, Friday 35 Hijri, he was being martyred by the Jews and mutants when He was reciting the Holy Quran in His home in the position of Fasting. His special duty done to the Muslims was to arrange the Holy Quran in the form of the Book. This cannot be forgotten by the Muslims till the day of judgement.When Muslims go to undertake the Hajj, they also visit the Grave of the Usman (r.a). the Hajj packages 2015 are designed in a way that they offer the Ziyyarah of all the Muqaddas Maqamat at the Makkah and Medina as well. Hajj packages are offered from all over the world.